The flu is a highly contagious viral disease that affects the respiratory tract. Every year, flu sick about 10-15% of the population. Flu decimating regardless of age, as particularly susceptible to it are older than 65 years, children under 4 years of age, the chronically ill, people with suppressed immunity and pregnant. 90% of lethality due to influenza or its complications in over 65 years.
Flu symptoms are widely well known, although any complaints differ in number and intensity. These are: high temperature, which increases rapidly and sharply declined after 3 to 5 days, muscle pain, and in some joints, sore throat and irritating cough, runny and stuffy nose, headache. Heralds his heavy head, discomfort, redness of eyes and sneezing. Fatigue and physical weakness are also traits that remain about 2 weeks after recovery. Also the time it takes to pass and cough.
Although atypical flu rarely sick and suffer from nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
SEE ALSO: Flu Symptoms in Children
Flu withers suddenly, unlike a cold, who symptoms experience a few days before the last peak moment of deterioration of health. So does the flu knocks almost immediately after infection.
Flu viruses typs
There are three subtypes of influenza virus: A, B and C. The first two are responsible for outbreaks of disease from influenza each year for hospitalization and deaths. Subtype C causes complaints with an average weight slightly more pronounced than those of the common cold.
Flu viruses are one of the most adaptive and changing. Upon infection with influenza virus immune system of the body Our harnesses and makes antibodies against it. He also has his ability to survive and improve in order to overcome the defenses of the same organism, in other words – mutate. So arranged the body arsenal of antibodies do not work at a new meeting with him, as they do not “see”. Consequently, developing an infection that causes the disease, while the body create new antibodies, which are useful to him.
Flu viruses are spread airborne, that spread with saliva through coughing, sneezing and talking. Infection with them usually do so using common objects on which they are caught – buttons in elevators, public transport handles, door handles, cutlery, etc.
Don’t miss to read: Prevention from Airborne Illness
Consulted with doctor
Since flu carries the risk of complications, and that his symptoms overlap those of other conditions must be consulted with doctor and careful follow-up.
Malpractice is sick to seek a doctor only when they feel very badly and have developed complications such as pneumonia. Council of nurses is to be taken against the disease at the first appearance of flu symptoms and immediately take the necessary rest to allow the body to deal more quickly with the infection. Ignoring these two boards always has cost the loss of many resources. It is extremely important in the disease to take as many fluids – water, herbal teas, sauces, juices.
Doctor should seek necessarily as:
begin to emit colored phlegm – yellow, greenish or brownish;
test of chest pain during deep breath;
temperature above 39.4 ° C;
in the sense of dizziness and necessarily at the first appearance of flu symptoms in the presence of renal, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and others, including medications that suppress immunity.
Flu treatment is symptomatic. When issuing the prescription the doctor complies with the general health of the body and the history of disease in the individual patient. It is important and how the body copes with the infection and how the symptoms are expressed. Consider the tolerance of the patient to certain medications. Allowed and a compliance with the wishes of the patient – to heal quickly or take a friendly medicines.
Medications that are Features include are: high temperature, typically a form of paracetamol; stimulating expectorant and nasal drops.
Antiviral drugs are available only if the case so requires a doctor’s judgment, for example in the presence of another disease, the body’s inability to deal with the infection and poor immunity or pandemic viruses.